Franciacorta types

Franciacorta can be made from three grapes: Chardonnay, Pinot nero and Pinot bianco (max 50%). There are nine types of Franciacorta divided in three types:

Franciacorta, Millesimato and Riserva:

All grapes can be used. The "normal" Franciacorta version (without vintage) has to age for at least 18 months of which 15 in the bottle (including the yeast). The Franciacorta Millesimato (with vintage) needs to age 37 months in the bottle. The first 30 months the bottle needs to contain the yeast. The Franciacorta Riserva needs to age 67 months in the bottle of which 60 including the yeast.

Franciacorta Satén, Satén Millesimato and Satén Riserva:

The Franciacorta Satén is made from Chardonnay and Pinot bianco (max 50%) and is only allowed to have 4.5 atmospheric pressure (instead of the standard 6). Because of this the wine's sparkle is lighter than normal Franciacorta. Franciacorta Satén needs to age 24 for months in the bottle while the Millesimato and Riserva versions have the same aging requirements as their normal Franciacorta counterparts.

Franciacorta Rosé, Rosé Millesimato and Rosé Riserva:

Franciacorta Rosé has to contain at least 25% Pinot Nero and a maximal of 50% Pinot Bianco. Chardonnay can therefore be used up to 75% to complete the blend. Aging requirements for the Franciacorta Rosé, Millesimato and Riserva are equal to the Satén.

Franciacorta can be made in different levels of sweetness:
Dosaggio zero (<3), Extra brut (<6), Brut (<12), Extra dry (12-17), Dry (17-32), Demi sec (32-50). The value between brackets shows the grams of sugar per liter.

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